Diabetes Type 2
Also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, type 2 diabetes occurs due to impaired metabolism of carbohydrates, poor insulin secretion from the pancreas, or increased resistance of insulin cells to body cells, leading to elevated sugar level in blood and urine. Specifically, it is the elevation of the blood sugar level that is normally 90 mg/dl when fasting, and 140 mg/dl two hours after eating. It is the most common type, accounting for 55-75% of all people with diabetes. This type usually affects people over the age of 40, although younger people and even children are also increasingly affected, often in association with obesity. Genetics also plays a role.
Symptoms of diabetes
- Frequent Thirst
- Frequent urination especially at night
- eating more
- weight loss.
● Whole grains, such as brown rice, oats, barley, whole wheat, and their products of bread, pancakes and biscuits, because they are high in fiber that helps stabilize blood sugar level. Avoid all white flour and white rice products that quickly elevate blood sugar levels.
● Legumes such as beans, lentils, soybeans and beans rich in soluble and insoluble fiber.
● Meat and fish: Chicken and turkey meat (skinless and only three times a week) and fatty fish such as salmon, sardines and herring rich in omega-3 fat. Eat at least twice a week.
● Vegetables: Eat all kinds of raw, fresh and frozen vegetables. The best ones are artichokes, radish, zucchini, watercress, and okra.
● Fruits: Eat fresh or frozen fruits. We help divide them into three categories (re the speed and amount of sugar entering the body): apples, berries, lemons, strawberries, oranges, apricots and melons. Eat mangoes, grapes, bananas and pineapples in moderation, and reduce the intake of fruit juice and dried fruits such as dates, prunes and figs.
● Drinks: Tea, coffee, tomato juice, pure soup and herbs (avoid artificial sweeteners). Drink filtered or mineral water. Avoid cola drinks and sweetened juices.
● Dairy products and alternatives: such as yoghurt and low-fat or skimmed milk.
● Fat and oils: Eat cold-pressed vegetable oils such as olive oil and flaxseed oil containing omega-3 essential fatty acids. Avoid saturated fats and trans-fats (hydrogenated oils). Eat moderately nuts, sunflower and pumpkin seeds.
● Spices: All spices benefit the diabetes especially garlic, onion, cinnamon and cumin.
● Limit sugar and all foods containing it, such as: Honey (maximum 20 g daily), jam, soft drinks, sherbet, desserts, ice cream, bonbon and chocolate.
Herbal and Dietary Supplements:
● Magnesium and chromium are essential for controlling blood glucose levels.
● Wheatgrass: rich in minerals and vitamin B & E is important to maintain blood sugar level.
● Fiber: helps stabilize the blood sugar level, such as psyllium seeds and flaxseeds.
● Wheat germ: Contains the antioxidant vitamin E to maintain healthy nerves.
● Red Ginseng: Reduces the activity of cortisol, which inhibits insulin and helps the body to take advantage of insulin (reduces insulin resistance).
● Cinnamon, fenugreek and sage help reduce blood sugar levels. Dandelion and burdock support the liver and pancreas.
● Bee products: Honey is a healthy alternative to sugar for sweetening. Royal jelly maintains a healthy blood circulation. Bee pollen is a complete food. Bee propolis is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that helps prevent complications of diabetes.
● Shiitake and Reishi Mushroom: Helps reduce blood sugar levels.
● Whey-protein: Some studies have indicated that it works to control the level of sugar in blood
● Spirulina: Helps stabilize your blood sugar level.
The instructions and recommendations mentioned in this diet are general guidelines and do not take into account differences between individuals. Any health condition should be treated by a specialist and we advise you to consult your doctor before taking any product that may affect your health.