The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located in the middle of the back on both sides of the spine. Urine that is formed in the kidneys flows through the ureters, to be stored in the bladder. When the bladder is full, the person feels the need to urinate, and the urine is emptied through the urethra. The main role of the kidneys is to produce urine by filtering out harmful chemicals (toxins) from the blood. The kidneys also help to maintain the necessary chemicals in the blood, such as sodium, proteins and sugars. The kidneys control the amount of fluids that remain in the body. For example, when drinking too much fluid, the kidneys will produce extra urine. On the other hand, when you drink fewer fluids than you need, your kidneys will discharge less urine. The kidneys help to regulate the hormones that strengthen bones, and produce red blood cells, and help to maintain the level of blood pressure, therefore, many kidney diseases lead to high blood pressure. One of the common kidney diseases are kidney stones, which are often caused by excessive food, especially salts, proteins, processed substances and contaminated water. A balanced diet will not only help you overcome kidney stones but can also prevent its formation.
– The ideal food for the kidney and urinary tract health is the perfect food for the health of all body organs, with focusing on certain foods and supplements that vary with the different function of each organ.
– Avoid over-eating and over-drinking. Too much food generally burdens the kidneys and increases their fatigue.
– Water: Drink at least 8 glasses of filtered or mineral water daily.
– Eat vegetables and fruits every day. Try to have some kind of them in each meal.
– Eat a variety of whole grains such as whole wheat, brown rice, barley, oats and their products.
– Do not eat too much meat. Choose lean red meat, skinless chicken, grilled or boiled fish. Refrain from eating fatty meats, smoked and fried foods.
– Eat low fat or fat-free dairy products.
– Do not take more than 6 grams of salt a day as excess salty food may cause increased body fluids and a high blood pressure. Keep in mind that preserved foods may contain a high amount of salt (sodium). Select smoked fish, cured meats, instant soups, pickles, sauces, and dried or canned foods.
– Replace saturated fats such as margarine and butter with vegetable oils like olive oils, sesame and flaxseed.
– Avoid hydrogenated oils (vegetable ghee) and their products from biscuits, pastries, pies and processed sweets.
– Reduce white flour and its products from bread, pancakes and desserts.
– Avoid eating high-calorie low nutrient foods such as soft drinks, candy and sugars. Be sure to eat legumes rich in fiber such as beans, white beans, zucchini, cowpea and lentils.
– Limit foods rich in oxalate, which contribute mainly to kidney stones. These include: raw spinach, beet, okra, parsley, potatoes, chocolate, peanuts, wheat germ, berries, tea.
Herbal and Dietary Supplements:
– Barley: Barley water made from barley meal contributes on cleansing the kidneys of salts and works as a diuretic.
– Cranberry juice: Drink it twice a week as it prevents bacteria from sticking to the kidney wall.
– Pollen and soy protein: a clean source of high-value vegetable protein.
– Parsley, celery and dandelion: natural diuretics , and help reduce the levels of uric acid in the body.
– Spirulina: A study found that it has the ability to get rid of the side effects of some drugs that affect the kidneys.
– Wheatgrass: A concentrated source of vitamins A, B, E, iron, zinc and chlorophyll. It acts as a diuretic and blood-protective from toxins, prevents the formation of kidney stones and is an antioxidant.
– Adzuki beans: one of the most important functional foods for kidney health.
The instructions and recommendations mentioned in this diet are general guidelines and do not take into account differences between individuals. Any health condition should be treated by a specialist and we advise you to consult your doctor before taking any product that may affect your health.